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Subject Index - Texas Constitutions 1824-1876

C

capital offences
1836 - Article IV, section 3
1845 - Article I, section 9; Article IV, section 10
1861 - Article I, section 9
1868 - Article IV, section 22
1869 - Article V, section VIII
capitol, state, appropriation of land for
1876 - Article XVI, section 57
cemeteries, local
1876 - Article III, sections 56; Article VIII, section 2
census
Mexican Confederacy
1824 - Title III, Section 2, Article 12
state
1833 - Legislature, Article 35
1845 - Article III, section 29
1861 - Article III, section 29
1866 - Article III, section 28
1868 - Article III, section 26
U.S.
1869 - Article III, section XI
1876 - Article III, section 28
certificates for land. See titles to land
Chamber of Deputies, Mexican Confederacy
1824 - Title III, Section 2, Articles 7-24; Title III, Section 4, Articles 39-40; Title III, Section 4, Article 44
See also Congress of the United Mexican States
Chamber of Senators, Mexican Confederacy
1824 - Title III, Section 3, Articles 25-33; Title IV, Section 5, Articles 113-116
See also Congress of the United Mexican States
change of venue power for court cases, legislative
1845 - Article VII, section 14
1861 - Article VII, section 14
1866 - Article VII, section 14
1868 - Article VII, section 14
1869 - Article XII, section X
1876 - Article III, section 45; Article III, section 56
charitable institutions, tax exemptions for
1876 - Article VIII, section 2
charter rights of corporations
attorney general's role
1876 - Article IV, section 22
legislative role
1836 - Article II, section 3
1845 - Article VII, section 31
1861 - Article VII, section 31
1866 - Article VII, section 31
1868 - Article VII, section 30
chartering of cities and towns
1876 - Article XI, sections 4-5
church and state, separation of
1836 - Declaration of Rights
1845 - Article I, section 4
1861 - Article I, section 4
1866 - Article I, section 4
1868 - Article I, section 4
1869 - Article I, section IV
1876 - Article I, section 6-7; Article VIII, section 2
churches. See religion
Circuit Courts
1824 - Title V, Section 5, Articles 140-142
cities and towns
ayuntamientos
1827 - Title II, Section VII, Articles 155-167
court creation by legislature
1869 - Article V, section I
1876 - Article V, section 1
municipal corporations
1876 - Article XI
special revenue needs for coastal areas
1876 - Article XI, sections 7-8
suffrage rules
1876 - Article VI, section 3
See also local governments
citizen's arrest
1827 - Title III, Article 186
citizenship, criteria for
1827 - Preliminary Provisions, Articles 17-25
1833 - General Provisions, Article 23
1836 - General Provisions, section 6; General Provisions, section 8; General Provisions, section 10
1861 - Article III, section 1
civic responsibility, universal
ayuntamiento duties
1827 - Title II, Section VII, Article 167
loyalty to state
1827 - Preliminary Provisions, Article 14
mandatory election process duties
1827 - Title I, Section II, Article 77
militia service
1827 - Title V, Article 214,
observance of constitution
1827 - Title VII, Articles 218-225
civil authority, military as subordinate to
1845 - Article I, section 17
1861 - Article I, section 17
1866 - Article I, section 17
1868 - Article I, section 17
1869 - Article I, section XVII
1876 - Article I, section 24
civil officials. See officials, civil
civil suits
court jurisdiction for
1824 - Title V, Section 3, Article 137
1845 - Article IV, section 10; Article IV, section 18
1861 - Article IV, section 10
1866 - Article IV, section 6; Article IV, section 16
1868 - Article IV, section 3; Article IV, section 10
1869 - Article V, section III; Article V, section VII
1876 - Article V, section 3; Article V, section 6; Article V, section 8; Article V, sections 16-17; Article V, section 19
and interested parties
1868 - Article IV, section 25
and jury trials
1868 - Article IV, section 19
1869 - Article V, section XXV
1876 - Article V, section 13
legislative role
1868 - Article VII, section 48
1869 - Article III, section XXXVIII
1876 - Article III, section 56
rules of procedure
1827 - Title III, Articles 178-180
temporary suspension of
1868 - Article VII, section 49
1869 - Article XII, section XLIII
Civil War participants on Confederate side, disqualification from voting
1868 - Article VIII
clerks of the court
County Courts
1866 - Article IV, section 18
1868 - Article IV, section 16
1876 - Article V, section 20
Court of Appeals
1876 - Article V, section 6
District Courts
1833 - Judiciary, Article 84
1836 - Article IV, section 6
1845 - Article IV, section 11
1861 - Article IV, section 11
1866 - Article IV, section 7
1868 - Article IV, section 11; Article IV, section 21
1869 - Article V, section IX; Article V, section XXIII
1876 - Article V, section 9
Supreme Court
1833 - Judiciary, Article 84
1845 - Article IV, section 4
1861 - Article IV, section 4
1866 - Article IV, section 4
1868 - Article IV, section 4
1869 - Article V, section V
1876 - Article V, section 4
closed legislative sessions
1827 - Title I, Section III, Article 86
1833 - Legislature, Article 52
1836 - Article I, section 17
1868 - Article III, section 17
1876 - Article III, section 16
Coahuila and Texas, Mexican state of
citizenship categories/criteria
1827 - Preliminary Provisions, Articles 17-25
citizenship obligations
1827 - Preliminary Provisions, Article 14; Title VII, Articles 218-225
and continuity of law with separate state of Texas
1833 - Schedule, Articles 97-99
district assemblies
1827 - Title I, Section II, Articles 67-77; Title I, Section V, Articles 106-109
executive and legislature
1827 - Title I, Section IV, Article 98
organization of
1827 - Title I, Section I, Articles 34-45; Title II, Section I, Articles 110-112; Title II, Section II, Articles 115-120; Title II, Section III, Articles 121-126; Title II, Section IV, Articles 129-138
powers and responsibilities
1827 - Preliminary Provisions, Article 31; Title II, Section I, Articles 113-114; Title II, Section III, Articles 127-128; Title II, Section V, Articles 139-144
as federal confederacy
1827 - Preliminary Provisions, Articles 26-32
judiciary
civil cases
1827 - Title III, Articles 178-180
criminal cases
1827 - Title III, Articles 181-192
general provisions
1827 - Title III, Articles 168-177
organization of tribunals
1827 - Title III, Articles 193-202
militia
1827 - Title V, Articles 211-214
municipal elections
1827 - Title I, Section II, Articles 47-66
Roman Catholicism as state religion
1827 - Preliminary Provisions, Articles 9-10
sovereignty of
1827 - Preliminary Provisions, Articles 1-5
state's obligations to citizens
1827 - Preliminary Provisions, Articles 11-12
taxation rules
1827 - Title IV, Articles 204-210
territorial boundaries
1827 - Preliminary Provisions, Articles 6-8
See also Congress of Coahuila and Texas; executive council
coastal cities and towns, special revenue needs
1876 - Article XI, sections 7-8
colleges and universities
1824 - Title III, Section 5, Article 50
1866 - Article X, section 8
1876 - Article III, section 48; Article VII, section 10; Article VII, section 13
comisarios
1833 Judiciary, Article 92
commander-in-chief of military
governor as
1845 - Article VI, section 4
1861 - Article VI, section 4
1866 - Article VI, section 4
1868 - Article VI, section 3
1869 - Article VII
1876 - Article IV, section 7
president as
1836 - Article VI, section 4
commerce, regulation of
1824 - Title III, Section 5, Article 50; Title VI, Section 3, Article 162
1836 - Article II, section 2
Commissioners' Courts (1876)
composition of - Article V, section 18
and county attorneys - Article V, section 21
and county clerk vacancies - Article V, section 20
and county sheriffs - Article V, section 23
commissions, state, establishment rules
1876 - Article IV, section 20
common-law marriage
1868 - Article VII, section 37
1869 - Article XII, section XXVII
common law of England as basis for Republic's law
1836 - Article IV, section 13
common property provisions
1845 - Article VII, section 19
1861 - Article VII, section 19
1866 - Article VII, section 19
1868 - Article VII, section 19
1876 - Article XVI, section 15
compensation
civil officials
educational officers
1866 - Article X, section 10
1868 - Article XII, section 2
1869 - Article IX, section II
executive officers
1833 - Executive, Article 63
1836 - Article VI, section 3
1845 - Article V, section 5
1861 - Article V, section 5
1866 - Article V, section 5; Article V, section 13
1868 - Article V, section 5; Article V, section 20
1869 - Article IV, section V; Article IV, section XVI; Article IV, section XXIV
1876 - Article III, section 48; Article IV, section 5; Article IV, section 17; Article IV, section 21; Article IV, section 23; Article XVI, section 44
employment/contracting rules
1876 - Article III, section 44
general provisions
1827 - Title I, Section I, Article 43
1845 - Article VII, section 7; Article VII, section 12; Article VII, section 36
1861 - Article VII, section 7; Article VII, section 12; Article VII, section 36
1866 - Article VII, section 7; Article VII, section 12
1868 - Article VII, section 8; Article VII, section 12
1869 - Article XII, section V; Article XII, section VIII
1876 - Article III, section 48; Article III, section 53; Article XVI, section 10
immigration superintendent
1869 - Article XI, section I
judicial officers
1827 - Title III, Article 200
1833 - Judiciary, Article 85
1836 - Article IV, section 1
1845 - Article IV, section 7
1861 - Article IV, section 7
1866 - Article IV, section 2; Article IV, section 5; Article IV, section 13; Article IV, section 15
1868 - Article IV, section 7; Article V, section 20
1869 - Article V, section XIII
1876 - Article IV, section 22; Article V, section 2; Article V, section 5; Article V, section 7; Article V, section 15; Article V, section 21
jurors
1876 - Article V, section 17
legislative officers
1824 - Title III, Section 4, Article 45
1833 - Legislature, Article 51
1836 - Article I, section 15
1845 - Article III, section 23; Article III, section 34
1861 - Article III, section 23; Article III, section 34
1866 - Article III, section 22; Article III, section 31
1868 - Article III, section 21; Article III, section 30
1869 - Article III, section XXVIII; Article III, section XXXV
1876 - Article III, section 24
legislative power over
1824 - Title III, Section 5, Article 50
1827 - Title I, Section IV, Article 97
1866 - Article VII, section 7
for public appropriation of property
1833 - General Provisions, Article 17
1869 - Article I, section XIV
1876 - Article I, section 17
and succession of power
1845 - Article V, section 13
1861 - Article V, section 13
for veterans of war with Mexico
1876 - Article XVI, section 55
comptroller of public accounts
1845 - Article V, section 23
1861 - Article V, section 23
1866 - Article V, section 23; Article VII, section 36
1868 - Article V, sections 19-20
1869 - Article IV, section XX
1876 - Article IV, section 1; Article IV, section 23
Confederate States of America, congruence of laws with
1861 - Article XIII, section 3
confiscation of property, protection from
1824 - Title V, Section 7, Article 147
1827 - Title III, Article 189
conflicts of interest
executive
1876 - Article IV, section 6
judicial
1845 - Article IV, section 14
1861 - Article IV, section 14
1866 - Article IV, section 12
1868 - Article IV, section 17
1869 - Article V, section XI
1876 - Article V, section 11
legislative
1869 - Article III, section XXIX
1876 - Article III, section 22
See also multiple offices
Congress of Coahuila and Texas (1827)
amendments role - Title VII, Articles 222-224
citizenship-granting power - Preliminary Provisions, Articles 17-18; Preliminary Provisions, Article 21
compensation for civil officers - Title I, Section I, Article 43
control of treasurer - Title IV, Article 208
district assemblies- Title I, Section II, Articles 67-77
district election process - Title I, Section V, Articles 106-109
enforcement of constitution - Title VII, Article 219
and executive branch - Title II, Section I, Article 113; Title II, Section II, Article 118; Title II, Section II, Article 120; Title II, Section III, Article 126; Title II, Section IV, Articles 131-135
formation and promulgation of laws - Title I, Section V, Articles 99-105
and judiciary - Title III, Article 169; Title III, Articles 198-199
militia regulation - Title V, Articles 212-213
municipal assemblies - Title I, Section II, Articles 47-66
powers and organization of - Title I, Section I, Articles 34-45; Title I, Section IV, Articles 97-98
proceedings and conduct of - Title I, Section III, Articles 78-95
public schools role - Title VI, Article 217
revenue management role - Title IV, Article 210
source of power - Preliminary Provisions, Article 30
taxation powers - Title IV, Articles 205-206
Congress of the Republic of Texas (1836)
education establishment - General Provisions, section 5
elections - Schedule, section 5
and executive branch - Article III, sections 2-3; Article VI, sections 6-7
and judiciary - Article IV, sections 9-10; Article IV, section 12
and military services - Article VI, sections 4
oath of office - Article V, section 2
organization of - Article I, sections 2-27
powers and responsibilities of - Article II, sections 1-7
voting methods - Article VI, section 13
Congress of the United Mexican States (1824)
constitutional defense and amendment - Title VII, Articles 163-171
and executive branch council of government - Title IV, Section 5, Articles 113-116
president - Title IV, Section 1, Articles 81-94; Title IV, Section 2, Articles 96-101; Title IV, Section 3, Articles 105-107; Title IV, Section 4, Article 110
secretaries of state - Title IV, Section 6, Article 120; Title IV, Section 6, Article 122
and judiciary - Title V, Section 2, Articles 129-133; Title V, Section 4, Article 139
law formation - Title III, Section 6, Articles 51-66
organization of - Title III, Sections 1-2, Articles 7-24; Title III, Section 3, Articles 25-33
powers and functions of - Title III, Section 4, Articles 34-46; Title III, Section 5, Articles 47-50
time and place of sessions - Title III, Section 7, Articles 67-73
conscientious objection to military service
1845 - Article VI, section 2
1861 - Article VI, section 2
1866 - Article VI, section 2
1868 - Article VI, section 2
1876 - Article XVI, section 47
constables
1836 - Article IV, section 12
1845 - Article IV, section 13
1861 - Article IV, section 13
1866 - Article IV, section 19
1868 - Article IV, section 14; Article IV, section 15
1869 - Article V, section XX
1876 - Article V, section 18
constitution
mandatory adherence to
1827 - Title VII, Articles 218-225
measures to defend authority of
1824 - Title VII, Articles 163-165
pledge to support U.S.
1876 - Article I, section 1
ratification by the people
1845 - Article XIII, sections 5-7
See also amendments
contested elections
for governor
1845 - Article V, section 3
1861 - Article V, section 3
1868 - Article V, section 3
1869 - Article IV, section II
1876 - Article IV, section 3
legislative
1824 - Title III, Section 4, Article 35
1861 - Article III, section 12
1869 - Article III, section XV
1876 - Article III, section 8
continuity of government and law
1833 - General Provisions, Article 24; Schedule, Articles 97-99
1836 - Schedule, section 8; Schedule, section 1-2
1845 - Article VII, sections 20-21; Article XIII, section 3
1861 - Article XIII
1868 - Article XIII
1876 - Article XVI, section 18
contracts
civil suits in inferior courts
1845 - Article IV, section 18
preservation of obligations
1833 - General Provisions, Article 9
1836 - Declaration of Rights
1845 - Article I, section 14
1861 - Article I, section 14
1866 - Article I, section 14
1868 - Article I, section 14; Article VII, section 46
1869 - Article I, section XIV
1876 - Article I, section 16
restrictions on legislative participation
1876 - Article III, section 18
transition activities to State of Texas
1845 - Article XIII, section 2
copyrights and patents, legislative responsibility for
1824 - Title III, Section 5, Article 50
1836 - Article II, section 3
coroners
1833 - Executive, Article 74
1836 - Article IV, section 12
1845 - Article IV, section 13
1861 - Article IV, section 13
1866 - Article IV, section 19
1868 - Article IV, section 13
corporations, private
banking restrictions on
1833 - General Provisions, Article 30
1845 - Article VII, section 30
1861 - Article VII, section 30
1866 - Article VII, section 30
1868 - Article VII, section 29
1876 - Article XVI, section 16
chartering of
1836 - Article II, section 3
1845 - Article VII, section 31
1861 - Article VII, section 31
1866 - Article VII, section 31
1868 - Article VII, section 30
1876 - Article IV, section 22
prohibition on local government ownership of
1876 - Article XI, section 3
regulation of
1876 - Article XII
restrictions on governor's interference in
1827 - Title II, Section I, Article 113
taxation rules
1876 - Article VIII, section 4; Article VIII, section 11
See also railroads
council, executive (1827)
election process - Title II, Section IV, Articles 131-138
police chief nominations - Title II, Section VI, Article 147; Title II, Section VI, Article 149
powers and responsibilities of - Title II, Section III, Articles 121-128
vice-governor's role - Title II, Section II, Article 116
Council of Government, Mexican Confederacy
1824 - Title IV, Section 5, Articles 113-116; Title V, Section 2, Article 129
counsel, defendant's right to
1833 - General Provisions, Article 7
1836 - Declaration of Rights
1845 - Article I, section 8
1861 - Article I, section 8
1868 - Article I, section 8
1869 - Article I, section 8
1876 - Article I, section 10
counties
and district apportionment
1869 - Article III, section XXXIX; Article III, section XLI; Declaration
election procedures
1833 - Executive, Article 74
1836 - Article IV, section 12
1868 - Article VIII, section 3
1869 - Article III, section VI
1876 - Article V, section 18; Article XVI, section 44
establishment of
1836 - Article IV, section 11
1845 - Article VII, section 34
1861 - Article VII, section 34
1866 - Article VII, section 34
1868 - Article VII, section 31
judicial officers
1836 - Article IV, section 12
1866 - Article IV, sections 15-18
1868 - Article IV, section 16
1869 - Article V, section IX; Article V, section XXIV
1876 - Article V, section 15; Article V, sections 20-21; Article V, section 24
See also justices of the peace; sheriffs
legislative responsibilities to
1869 - Article XII, sections XXIII-XXIV
organization of
1876 - Article IX
poor houses and farms
1868 - Article VII, section 36
1869 - Article XII, section XXVI
1876 - Article XVI, section 8
precinct apportionment
1876 - Article V, section 18
public school funding distribution
1876 - Article VII, section 5
public school land distribution
1845 - Article X, sections 3-4
1866 - Article X, section 6; Article X, section 11
1869 - Article IX, section VIII
1876 - Article VII, section 6
public services responsibilities
1876 - Article XI, section 2
relationship to state
1876 - Article XI, sections 1-2
taxation in
1868 - Article VII, section 40
1869 - Article XII, section XXXII
1876 - Article VIII, sections 11-12; Article VIII, section 16
unorganized
1876 - Article VI, section 2; Article VIII, section 12; Article IX, section 1
county attorneys
1866 - Article IV, section 16
1876 - Article V, section 21
county clerks
1866 - Article IV, section 18
1868 - Article IV, section 16
1876 - Article V, section 20
county commissioners
1866 - Article IV, section 17
County Commissioners' Courts
1876 - Article V, section 18; Article V, sections 20-21; Article V, section 23
County Courts
District Court jurisdiction
1866 - Article IV, section 6
1876 - Article V, section 8
establishment of
1836 - Article IV, section 10
1868 - Article IV, sections 13-14
and justices of the peace
1869 - Article V, section XX
organization and jurisdiction of
1866 - Article IV, sections 15-18
1876 - Article V, section 6
powers and responsibilities of
1876 - Article V, sections 15-24
and registration of voters
1868 - Article VIII, section 3
taxation powers
1868 - Article VII, section 40
See also sheriffs
county seats
1869 - Article XII, section XXIV
1876 - Article III, section 56; Article IX, section 2; Article X, section 9
county treasurer
1876 - Article XVI, section 44
Court of Appeals (1876)
disqualification of judges - Article V, section 11; Article XV, section 8
jurisdictional issues - Article V, section 8; Article V, section 16
powers and responsibilities - Article V, sections 5-6
courts, hierarchy of
1824 - Title V, Section 1, Article 123
1827 - Title III, Articles 193-202
1833 - Judiciary, Articles 77-78
1836 - Article IV, section 1
1845 - Article IV, section 1
1861 - Article IV, section 1
1866 - Article IV, section 1
1868 - Article IV, section 1
1869 - Article V, section I
1876 - Article V, section 1
See also judiciary
craftsmen, protection of
1868 - Article VII, section 45
1869 - Article XII, section XLVII
1876 - Article XVI, section 37
credit
prohibition on legislature providing 1876 - Article III, section 50
crime
extradition of criminals between states
1824 - Title VI, Section 2, Article 161
legislative authorization to limit reparations
1868 - Article VII, section 48
legislative power over crimes against civil officials
1827 - Title I, Section IV, Article 97
reparation to victims of homicide
1868 - Article VII, section 43
1869 - Article XII, section XXX
1876 - Article XVI, section 26
criminal cases
capital offenses
1836 - Article IV, section 3
1845 - Article I, section 9; Article IV, section 10
1861 - Article I, section 9
1868 - Article IV, section 22
1869 - Article V, section VIII
change of venue power
1845 - Article VII, section 14
1861 - Article VII, section 14
1866 - Article VII, section 14
1868 - Article VII, section 14
1869 - Article XII, section X
1876 - Article III, section 45; Article III, section 56
court jurisdictions
1845 - Article IV, section 3; Article IV, section 10
1861 - Article IV, section 10
1866 - Article IV, section 3; Article IV, section 6
1868 - Article IV, section 10
1869 - Article V, section III; Article V, section VII
1876 - Article V, section 6; Article V, section 8; Article V, sections 16-17; Article V, section 19
defendants' rights
1833 - General Provisions, Article 7
1836 - Declaration of Rights
1845 - Article I, section 8
1861 - Article I, section 8
1868 - Article I, section 8
1869 - Article I, section 8
1876 - Article I, section 10
general provisions
1827 - Title III, Articles 181-192
juries in
1869 - Article V, section VIII
1876 - Article V, section 13
restrictions on legislative power
1876 - Article III, section 56
See also fair trial, right to; felony crimes; sentences, criminal
cruel and unusual punishments, prohibition on
1824 - Title V, Section 7, Article 149
1827 - Title III, Article 190
1833 - General Provisions, Article 11; General Provisions, Article 14
1836 - Declaration of Rights
1845 - Article I, section 10
1861 - Article I, section 11
1866 - Article I, section 11
1868 - Article I, section 11
1869 - Article I, section XI
1876 - Article I, section 13
currency
legislative powers
1824 - Title III, Section 5, Article 50
1836 - Article II, section 2
restrictions on creation of
1833 - Legislature, Article 59
1845 - Article VII, section 32
1861 - Article VII, section 32
1866 - Article VII, section 32
1868 - Article VII, section 29
1876 - Article XVI, section 7
customs activities, legislative power to regulate
1824 - Title III, Section 5, Article 50