Fair Housing: The Young Case (continued)
In March 1996, HUD submitted a summary report. Although not required by the Court, the report summarized the desegregation actions taken by HUD from January 1994 through February 1996.
- Federal Defendants’ Report Regarding Implementation of Waiting List Initiatives and Publication of RFP for Fair Housing Services Center, October 17, 1996.
The March 1995 Final Judgment required that HUD implement Waiting List Initiatives and a Fair Housing Services Center to provide fair housing counseling services and assist class members in obtaining desegregated housing.
In a 2003 settlement stipulation, HUD agreed to create 1,500 more desegregated housing opportunities for class members and continue funding the Fair Housing Services Center and Desegregated Housing Opportunity Program. The litigation ended in 2004 when Judge Leonard Davis approved the settlement agreement.
Young v. Whiteman P-82-37-CA
In the action against the Clarksville Housing Authority, Judge Justice found that the Clarksville Housing Authority intentionally assigned tenants by race for the purpose of segregating them. The Clarksville Housing Authority was given five days to provide a transfer plan to meet the requirement that each site be within five percent of the current racial composition of the tenant population.
- Findings of Fact, Conclusions of Law and Preliminary Injunction, October 11, 1983.
- Defendants’ Mandatory Tenant Transfer Plan, October 19, 1983.
- Order for placement of Plaintiff Young, November 29, 1983.
- Order approving transfer plan, November 30, 1983.
The transfer plan required twenty-five families to move from a white complex into two black complexes and twenty-four families to move from the black complexes into the white complex. In order to select the tenants to be transferred, names were drawn out of a hat. Judge Justice received letters condemning his decision as cruel, heartless, and uncompassionate.
- Letter from Steve C. Hardin to William Wayne Justice, December 9, 1983.
- Letter from J.E. White to William Wayne Justice, undated.
As indicated by these deprecatory December 1983 letters to Judge Justice from E.R. Lott of Folkston, Georgia, K. L. White of Edgerton, Wisconsin, Vivian Thomas of Kansas City, Kansas, and Betty P. Dean of Kirkland, Washington, Judge Justice’s ruling attracted attention throughout the nation.
- Letter from Vivian E. Thomas to William Wayne Justice, December 15, 1983.
- Letter from K. L. White to William Wayne Justice, December 10, 1983.
- Letter from Betty P. Dean to William Wayne Justice, December 16, 1983.
- Letter from E. R. Lott to William Wayne Justice, December 17, 1983.
By 1988, the three Clarksville public housing units were 33%, 48%, and 89% black.