Four years before the Supreme Court issued its momentous decision in Brown v. Board of Education, the Court addressed the issue of racial segregation in public universities. In 1946, an African-American named Heman Sweatt applied for admission to the University of Texas School of Law. His application was rejected because he was black. With the assistance of the NAACP, Sweatt filed suit and the case made its way to the U.S. Supreme Court, which ruled that it was a violation of the constitutional guarantee of equal protection under the law to deny admission on the basis of race. The Court ordered that Sweatt be admitted to the school.