This case was an important early test of the constitutionality of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. One of the provisions of the Act forbids racial discrimination in public facilities engaged in interstate commerce. The Heart of Atlanta Motel in Atlanta, Georgia, refused to accept black customers in violation of the Act. The owners of the motel challenged the Civil Rights Act of 1964 by filing suit against the government in federal court arguing that by passing the Act, Congress exceeded its Commerce Clause powers to regulate interstate commerce. The Supreme Court held that Congress acted within its powers to regulate interstate commerce when passing the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and so upheld the validity of this portion of the Act.