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Hopwood v. Texas

Minority Enrollment for Entering First Year Classes at The University of Texas School of Law, 1983-2002

  • Minority enrollment fluctuated year to year.  The law school never used a "quota" system. 
  • The law school minority population never approached the State of Texas's minority population, which is now about 42%.
  • The Texas in-state attorney population stands at .3% according to the State Bar of Texas.
     
With Affirmative Action
Year   African-American  Mexican-Americans
1983 9.3% 10.0%
1984 6.2% 14.3%
1985 4.6% 11.2%
1986 4.4% 13.1%
1987 3.2% 10.2%
1988 7.0% 10.7%
1989 6.0% 11.4%
1990 7.1% 11.6%
1991 6.9% 10.6%
1992 8.0% 10.7%
1993 5.9% 10.0%
1994 6.7% 9.7%
1995 7.4% 12.5%
With Affirmative Action for Part of the Admissions Cycle
1996 6.4% 8.6%
Without Affirmative Action
1997 0.9% 5.6%
1998 1.7% 6.4%
1999 1.4% 6.6%
2000 3.8% 7.1%
2001 3.0% 7.0%
2002 4.0% 8.0%

 

Sources:  Opinion of U.S. District Court, Hopwood v. Texas, 861 F. Supp. 551 (W.D. Tex. 1994); The University of Texas Law School Admissions Office for later years.  Population data from Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts.