OF THE SUPREME EXECUTIVE POWER OF THE CONFEDERATION.
Of the persons to whom this Power is confided, and their Election.
ART. 79. The 1st of September, of the year immediately preceding that on which the new president ought to enter his office, the legislature of each state must elect, by an absolute majority of votes, two individuals, of which one at least shall not be a resident of such a state.
ART. 80. When the vote has been taken, the legislatures shall forward to the president of the council of government, evidence of the act of election in due form, in order that he may dispose of the same in the manner prescribed by the regulations of the council.
ART. 81. On the 6th of January following, the evidence, spoken of in the preceding section, shall be opened and read in joint session of the chambers, if two-thirds of the votes of the states have been received.
ART. 82. When this evidence has been read, the senators shall retire and a committee, appointed by the chamber of deputies, and composed of one member from each state represented, shall give an account of the result.
ART. 85. If two were to possess a majority, he shall be president who has the greatest number of votes, and the other vice president. In case of equality, the chamber of deputies shall elect one as president, and the other shall be vice president.
ART. 86. If neither have the absolute majority of votes of the legislatures, the chamber of deputies shall elect the president and vice president, choosing for each one having the greatest number of votes.
ART. 87. When more than two individuals possess a majority, or equal number of votes, the chamber shall choose among them the president or vice president, choosing for each one having the greatest number of votes.
ART. 89. If all have an equal number of votes, the chamber shall choose a president and vice president from among the whole; as also, when one has a greater number, and the rest an equal number of votes.
ART. 91. In competitions between two or more, having an equal number of votes, the voting must be directed to reduce the competitors to two or one, in order that the remaining party be placed in competition with him who has the majority of votes.
ART. 93. In voting on the elections of the legislatures, as well as on the nomination of the president and vice president, the representations of each state shall have but one vote; and in order to have a decision of the chamber, there must be an absolute majority of votes.
ART. 94. In order to deliberate on the objects mentioned in the preceding article, there must concur more than one-half of the whole number of members, and three fourths of the deputies of the states.