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Constitution of the State of Coahuila and Texas (1827)

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Powers of Congress, and its Permanent Deputation.

ART. 97. The following prerogatives shall belong to congress.

First,--To enact, interpret, amend or repeal the laws relative to the administration and internal government of the state in all its branches.

Second,--Regulate the votes received by citizens at the electoral district assemblies for governor, vice governor and councillors, and make choice of the same, as the case may be.

Third,--To decide by ballot the ties that occur between two or more persons in elections to said trust.

Fourth,--Resolve upon doubts that arise upon said elections, and upon the qualifications of the persons elected.

Fifth,--Examine the reasons offered by those elected for not accepting said offices, and resolve thereon as it shall think proper.

Sixth,--Form itself into a grand jury for declaring whether there be a just ground of action, both for critics of office, and for crimes in general, committed against the deputies of congress, the governor, vice governor, members of the council, secretary of state, and members of the supreme tribunal of justice of the state.

Seventh,--Render the responsibility of the said public functionaries effectual, and provide that it be exacted of the other officers as the case may be.

Eighth,--Determine every year the state expenditures in view of the pre estimates to be presented by the executive.

Ninth,--Establish or confirm the imposts, or contributions necessary for covering said expense in accordance with this constitution, and that of the republic. Regulate their collection, determine their application, and approve their distribution.

Tenth,--Examine and approve the accounts of the disposition of all the funds of the state.

Eleventh,--Contract debts in case of need, on the credit of the state, and designate guaranties for covering the same.

Twelfth,--Enact what is proper for the administration, preservation, and alienation of the property of the state.

Thirteenth,--Create, suspend or abolish public office of the state; assign, diminish or augment them their salaries, recesses, or labours.

Fourteenth,--Grant rewards or recompenses to corporations or persons who may have rendered signal services to the state, and decree public honors to perpetuate the memory of great men.

Fifteenth,--Regulate the method of recruiting the men required for the service or replacement of the companies of the standing garrison militia, of cavalry, or of active militia, belonging to the same auxiliary arm of defence as the former, which are destined to the defence of the state by their institution, and approve of the allotments made among the towns of the state, of the portions that respectively belong to them for fulfilling that object.

Sixteenth,--Enact what is proper for the enrollment and instruction of the civic militia of the state, and appointment of its officers agreeably to the discipline that is now, or shall be hereafter prescribed by general law.

Seventeenth,--Promote and encourage public knowledge and education by laws and the progress of the sciences, arts, and useful establishments, removing the obstacles that retard such commendable objects.

Eighteenth,--Protect the political liberty of the press.

Nineteenth,--Intervene, and give or withhold its consent in all those acts and cases wherein it is provided in this constitution.

ART. 98. The following shall be the powers of the standing deputation

First,--To watch over the observance of the constitutive act, constitution and general laws of union, and the private laws of the state in order to give notice to congress of the violations it may have noticed.

Second,--Convoke congress to extra session as the case may be and in the manner prescribed by this constitution.

Third,--Discharge the functions assigned it in articles 79 and 80.

Fourth,--Notify substitute deputies in order that they may join congress in their turn in lieu of the deputies proper, and in case of default or absolute impossibility of both, communicate the corresponding orders to their respective district, that it may proceed to a new election.

Fifth,--Receive the certified copies of the acts of election of the electoral district assemblies for governor, vice governor, and members of the executive council, and deliver them to congress as soon as it is installed.