SEC. 1. Congress shall have power to levy and collect taxes and imposts, excise and tonage duties; to borrow money on the faith, credit, and property of the Government, to pay the debts and to provide for the common defence and general welfare of the Republic.
SEC. 2. To regulate commerce, to coin money, to regulate the value thereof and of foreign coin, to fix the standard of weights and measures, but nothing but gold and silver shall be made a lawful tender.
SEC. 3. To establish post offices and post roads, to grant charters of incorporation, patents and copy rights, and secure to the authors and inventors the exclusive use thereof for a limited time.
SEC. 4. To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and to regulate captures.
SEC. 5. To provide and maintain an army and navy, and to make all laws and regulations necessary for their Government.
SEC. 6. To call out the militia to execute the law, to suppress insurrections, and repel invasion.
SEC. 7. To make all laws which shall be deemed necessary and proper to carry into effect the foregoing express grants of power, and all other powers vested in the Government of the Republic, or in any officer or department thereof.
(Transcription, errors in original preserved)